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So far Kosie has created 42 blog entries.

Selous Nature Reserve – Tanzania

This 5 night trip into the Selous Game Reserve offers unique and exclusive fishing for giant blue tigerfish of up to 30lbs, indigenous yellowfish, rhinofish and a number of catfish species. This Selous reserve fishery is still relatively new, wild and exciting!

Seychelles Outer Islands

Seychelles Outer Island Live-a-Board with Linecasters is the best value for money trip. Top guides, great flats and blue water fly fishing with quality service.
7 DAYS/7 NIGHTS of pure fishing pleasure!
Best seasons April or October to December.


Lower Orange River

Fly fishing in the Kalahari!

This fantastic, wild adventure is safari style and surreal!
Camping on the wild banks of the pristine Lower Orange River under Kalahari skies is on many intrepid anglers’ bucket list.
Indigenous large and smallmouth yellowfish is in abundance and can often be sight fished to. Every night is a braai night and every day is adventure filled fishing! September to October are the best months.

Angola Jack Attack

Angola fishing offers some fish species that come in giant proportions!
Leviathans in many respects; Giant Tarpon, Giant Threadfin, massive Jack Crevalle and enormous Cubera Snapper.
Good lodging, great food and a festive atmosphere.
Summer season is December to March and the winter run is July to August.


Glass Bead Damselfly Nymph

Glass Bead-Eye Damsel Nymph

Tied by Fred Steynberg

Thread: Olive 8/0 or 7/0

Hook: #10 – 12 streamer

Eyes: Olive or brown beads on 30lb mono-filament stork

Under tail: Olive deer hair (prevents the tail wrapping)

Tail: Mixed dark and light olive marabou

Body and Thorax: Olive marabou

Wing/legs: Midge flash pearl

Wing case: Fly foam – dry fly

For use in: Still waters for mostly trout or slow moving pools in rivers.
Fished with a floating or intermediate line using a slow hand twist, figure of 8 retrieve.

CDC Emerger Variant

CDC Emerger Variant

A generic mayfly emerger pattern tied by: Fred Steynberg

Thread: 8/0 – 10/0 brown or tan

Hook: # 14 – 18 thin wire, dry fly hook

Tail: Hungarian partridge or similar feather fibres

Body: Brown or grey squirrel blend

Thorax: Brown CDC dubbing

Wing: White, tan or cream CDC puff

Imitating: Emerging mayfly nymph
For use: Rivers, streams and still waters

Fishing method:
Fished when hatches occur and fish can be seen boiling just below the surface.
Dead drift just below the surface or within the water film using a long, fine, creased leader.

River Piddle

The River Piddle in Dorset, UK

Type of river: Chalk stream

Fish to target: Mostly brown trout (Salmo trutta) up to 5lbs.

Fishing Season: March to September

Best season for Danica hatches: mid May – mid June

Fishing method: Upstream dry fly or nymphing.

Ticket purchase and accommodation: Wessex fly fishing, Richard and Sally Slocock, Tel: 01305 848460.

Suggested guide: Tony King 07855196332

Suggested rod: 3 – 4W, 8’, 4 – 9’

Suggested nymphs: Bead head ZAK, GRHE, PTN, Peeping Caddis larva and pupa, cream burrowing nymphs.

Suggested dry flies: Klink’s, parachutes, Mohawks….


Beat/Farm: Jennerville

River: Lower to middle Sterkspruit

Where to purchase ticket: Wild Trout Association (Rhodes Info Center), R150/rod/day, R100/rod/half day

Access:  Although a high clearance vehicle is preferable, a sedan vehicle can be driven to the gate of the beat via the R393.

Scroll down for more information.

Target species:

  • Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).
  • Smallmouth yellow fish (Labeobarbus aeneus).

Best season:

  • Smallmouth yellowfish from October to March.
  • Rainbow trout from September to mid May.

Suggested tackle:

  • Rods: 3 – 4W rods, reels and floating lines.
  • Leaders: 7 – 9’, 3 – 4X tapered leaders.
  • Tippet: 4 – 5X.
  • Dry flies: hoppers, flying ants, elk-wing caddis, sawfly wasp and larva, green beetle etc.
  • Nymphs: Beadhead GHRE, PTN and Zak, dragonfly nymphs, caddis larva etc.

Suggested fishing method:  Up-stream dead drift.

Easy River Dragon

Easy River Dragon

Tied by Fred Steynberg


Hook: # 10 – 8 streamer or terrestrial hook

Thread: # 140 or 6/0 olive

Eyes: Olive beads on 30lb monofilament

Weight: 0.15 round lead

Abdomen: Rayon chenille olive

Legs: Tentacles small – brown

Thorax: Olive squirrel or hare’s

Wing case: Olive Swiss straw


Imitating: Larval stage of an Aeshnidae dragonfly (swimmer)

How to fish: Dead drift below an indicator in stronger currents or fished on a long leader in deep slow pools using the ‘wiggle lift’.

Fundamentals of a distance or ‘big’ mend

By Fred Steynberg

In many instances whilst fly fishing upstream with a nymph, drag sets in, causing fish, especially the larger and wiser, to refuse the imitation.  The refusal is due to the unnatural appearance of the fly which in turn is caused by the imitation drifting faster than the speed of the current.  Situations such as this can often be seen in clear water where sight fishing is possible.  It is difficult for many fly fishermen to grasp the concept of a drag free drift because many retrieve flies in still waters or downstream on rivers.  Upstream nymphing is a pure and exciting way to fish for yellow fish and trout and if done correctly will result in a far more productive technique than any other.  Over many years of guiding I have seen that even experienced fly fishermen still battle with drag even though they may not know it.  I hope to bring about a clearer understanding of drag in this article.

A very important tool in preventing drag is by mending the line away from problem currants while it is drifting on the water.  Many fly fishers misunderstand the technique of mending, further aggravating the situation. Basic mending is executed when the line is moved in a lifting or rolling action of the rod tip.  The problem here is that anglers often only use the rod hand to execute this action and this results in an incorrect or insufficient loop created on the water, which will only suffice for a short period of the drift. This problem is accentuated when big mends need to be made all the way to the strike indicator.

A correct mend from the start should be executed by using both the rod and line hand (casting and non-casting hand).  As the casting hand starts to lift to begin the mend roll the non-casting hand should move away from the casting hand, parting the two hands. This movement creates line speed and at the same time collects excess slack line off the water surface, placing more tension on the line.  It is also very important to move the casting hand in a forward movement away from the body, to help the process of picking the line up from the water before the mend is executed.  This action should enable the angler to mend the line all the way to the leader/strike indicator if necessary.  It is of primary importance for an angler to understand that if the non-casting hand is stagnant during a mending process it will result in an inferior mend or insufficient mend. Incorrect mending methods can result in the line being pulled backwards, moving the fly away from the strike zone and also not mending the drag.  It is imperative to understand that when one makes lengthly mends to counter drag, that all the line should be lifted off the water and replaced.

For the whole mending process to function optimally it is important that the floating line and part of the leader, all the way to the strike indicator, floats.  If any of the above mentioned parts do not float and the mend needs to extend the length of the fly line, micro drag may set in and the mend would be ineffective.  A big mend is often effected to curb a conflicting current between the tip of the fly line and the thicker section of the leader.  It is important to execute the roll mend in the said manner and if practiced one will find it possible to mend all the way up to the strike indicator without moving the fly out of the strike zone.

I often find that in turbulent waters, my client’s lines sink causing the mend to be affected because the roll of the mend cannot lift the tip of the floating line and leader up to the strike indicator from the water.  A quick fix for this problem is to silicon (dry fly floatant) the tip of the fly line (last 4 or 5 feet) as well as the thicker section of the leader all the way to the strike indicator.  This is done by simply squeezing a little dry fly floatant between the thumb and forefinger of the application hand and running the line through it a couple of times.  The silicon eventually washes off after numerous presentations but can just be treated again.

Off-stream I try to clean and treat my floating line as often as possible to prevent the tip from sinking while fishing, although strong intermingling or turbulent currents can still force a well treated line below the surface. If this happens, it may be a good option to shorten the cast or to use the ‘high sticking’ technique so as to have less line on the water.

Process of an effective mend

As the casting hand lifts for the roll action of the mend, it should push forward and away from the angler.  The line hand or non casting hand pulls the line backwards through the line guides in one movement (as in a cast).

The backwards movement of the line hand allows the angler to stay in contact with the line which has been retrieved by the forward movement of the rod hand.  It is imperative that there is no ‘slack’ line between the line hand and rod or between the rod tip and water when the roll or lift of the mend is done.  When the rod hand reaches the most forward position the tip of the rod should be rolled up and around to the left or right depending on the desired position. This is a singular, fluent movement.  A big or distance mend cannot be done by using a wrist action to flick the rod tip into a roll.  This action will suffice for smaller mends, closer to the angler.  To effectively execute a big or distance mend, the rod hand should move forward, up and round, forming a large ‘O’.  The diameter of the ‘O’ being anything from a foot to a foot and a half.

It is quite an art to achieve the perfect mend, but with practice results will be achieved.  Many may view drag as of little importance and that fish are caught irrespective of the drag factor.  This will and can happen especially in instances where there are high quantities of fish in a river system. The chances of fooling a competing, opportunistic fish can be high.  In some larger river systems where large rocks and structures cause intermingling currents, and where various speeds of the currents occur at different levels in the water column, floating lines or strike indicators can then appear to be dragging the nymph below, but because the nymph is drifting in a different current in the water column it could be drifting drag-free.

This occurrence often fools the angler into thinking that fish, when upstream nymphing, don’t mind drag on the imitations.